# How does the microeconomic theory of fertility relate to the theory

Part B:    Questions for Discussion (8 points)

a). How does the microeconomic theory of fertility relate to the theory of consumer choice?

b). Do you think that economic incentives and disincentives influence family size decisions? Explain your answer, giving some specific examples of such that incentives and disincentives.

Part C:    Quantitative Analysis(Show all your work with graphical analysis).

Problem # 1: “Total Fertility Rate and Infant Mortality Rate” (10 points)

Please use the PDF file entitled “Selected Statistics on African Countries 2008” under the Course Documents folder,and

a). Complete the following table that will depict total fertility and infant mortality rates for your African country in 1988-2007.

 Year Total Fertility Rate (per woman) Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000) 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

b). Create two graphs. The first should be a graph of the total fertility rate over the 1988-2007 period; the second should be a graph of the infant mortality rate over the same period. Describe the trends you observe.

Problem # 2: “Population Structure and Migration Trends” (12 points)

Please use the PDF file entitled “Selected Statistics on African Countries 2008” under the Course Documents folder,and

a). Fill in the following table using Central African countries data for 2007.

 Country Female Population (% of Total) Rural Population (% of Total) Net Migration (per/1000) Rate of Natural Increase (%) Egypt Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Congo Democratic Republic of Congo Equatorial Guinea Gabon

b). How does your “African Country’s”rural population compare with that of other Central African countries?

c). How does your “African Country’s”female population compare with that of other Central African countries?

d). How does your “African Country’s”net migration compare with that of other Central African countries?