Anna is a 29-year-old g2p1 who has just had a 20-week routine anatomy

  

anna is a 29-year-old G2P1 who has just had a 20-week routine anatomy ultrasound. The physician informed her that there were some “soft markers” for Down syndrome and that genetic amniocentesis is available if she wants to have it. Please answer all questions

  1. Anna      asks if the ultrasound shows that the fetus has Down syndrome. How can the      nurse explain the “soft markers” for Down syndrome?
  2. What      counseling should Anna receive about amniocentesis?
  3. Anna      decided to go home and discuss the findings with her family. She      ultimately decided to have genetic amniocentesis and is back today for      that appointment. What are the nursing implications of genetic      amniocentesis?
  4. The      results of the amniocentesis show trisomy 21. After genetic counseling,      Anna chooses to continue the pregnancy. How can the nurse help Anna at      this time in her pregnancy?